Judgment Day was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced every May by professional wrestling promotion World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE). The event was created in 1998, with its inaugural event produced as an In Your House event in October of that year. The event was then replaced in 1999 by Over the Edge, which saw the death of Owen Hart. The event was then brought back in 2000 and was rebranded as an annual PPV event for WWE. To coincide with the brand extension, the event was made exclusive to the SmackDown! brand in 2004. In 2007, to follow the format of WrestleMania, all PPV events became tri-branded.
Professional wrestling is a non-competitive professional sport, where matches are prearranged by the promotion's writing staff, and is also considered an athletic performing art, containing strong elements of catch wrestling, mock combat, and theatre. Each PPV event features several professional wrestling matches that involve different wrestlers from pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines. Wrestlers are portrayed as either villains or heroes in the scripted events that build tension and culminate into a wrestling match or series of matches.
In 2010, Over the Limit took over the event's May pay-per-view slot.