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Black Shadow

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Alejandro Cruz Ortiz (May 3, 1921 - March 8, 2007) was a Mexican Luchador (professional wrestler), known worldwide as Black Shadow. Cruz's mask vs. mask match against El Santo in 1953 is generally considered one of the most important matches in the history of Lucha Libre. Cruz often teamed with Blue Demon, working as a tag team called "Los Hermanos Shadow" (the Shadow Brothers), even though the two were not related. He was nicknamed El Hombre de Goma, translated as The Elastic Man, due to his elasticity and flexibility in the ring.

Biography

Cruz's original ambition was to be a musician but because he lacked the talent to earn a living from it he turned to professional wrestling. He had been a lifelong fan, and began training for a professional wrestling career in 1941.

Professional wrestling career

Cruz made his professional debut on June 21, 1942, against Rito Romero in a losing effort. Initially he was billed as "Jungla" Cruz, named after a popular character from the funny papers but he did not like the name the promoters had forced on him. After making his debut Cruz realized that he needed to perform regularly in order to improve, thus he decided to move to Monterrey which at the time was one of the main cities for wrestling in Mexico. In Monterrey he befriended another young wrestler trying to break into the business, Blue Demon. The two struck up a friendship and soon after began teaming together on a regular basis. After working under his real name for a while, Cruz decided that he needed a different image. Cruz came up with the ring persona "Black Shadow" and a black mask with white trim around the eye, mouth and nose openings. The new image was a hit and masked duo of Blue Demon and Black Shadow became known as "Los Hermanos Shadow" (Spanish for "the shadow brothers") despite not being related. Los Hermanos Shadow quickly became very popular and were at one point the main "Technico" (good guy) team. In the mid 1950s Los Hermanos Shadow began a decade long rivalry with the top Rudo (villain) team of El Santo and Gory Guerrero, known as "La Pareja Atómica". After selling out arenas all around Mexico for their tag team matches El Santo and Black Shadow started to work singles matches against each other.

Losing the mask

The rivalry between Black Shadow and El Santo culminated in a Luchas de Apuestas, or mask vs. mask match, on November 7, 1952. The 70 minute match that is still heralded today as one of the most famous in Latin American history. It helped popularize the concept with mask matches still the biggest draws in Lucha Libre to the modern day. Subsequently Santo clashed with Blue Demon but it was the match against Black Shadow that stands out as one of the defining matches in Lucha Libre history. The match was one of the main reasons wrestling promoter Salvador Lutteroth started to build Arena Mexico as so many people had been unable to get tickets for the show. The match was so popular that it caused El Santo to turn tecnico and was the starting point of a wrestling and movie career that made El Santo Mexico's most beloved wrestler.

While some wrestlers lose popularity after unmasking, Black Shadow thrived after losing his mask. His innovative, high-flying style that incorporated moves off the top rope was something not many wrestlers used at the time and ensured that he worked in the main event throughout the 1950s and 1960s. In 1981 Cruz was unable to get his wrestling license renewed due to ailing health, forcing him to retire after almost 40 years in the business. After his retirement Cruz withdrew from the spotlight, rarely talking about his career. In 2001 Black Shadow was inducted in the Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame for his contributions to professional wrestling.

Filmography

Cruz also appeared in numerous Mexican wrestling films with Santo, mostly as "Black Shadow" though in two (Blue Demon en Noche de muerte and Santo y Blue Demon contra los monstruos) he played a clone or evil duplicate of Blue Demon.

Death

Alejandro Cruz died on March 8, 2007, age 82, in Mexico City after suffering from pneumonia.

Championships and accomplishments

  • Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards

The Official Facebook professional wrestling hall of fame (January 2011)

Wager Winner Loser Location Date Notes
Hair Black Shadow El Gladiador Mexico City, Mexico Unknown  
Hair Dorrel Dixon Black Shadow Mexico City, Mexico Unknown  
Mask El Santo Black Shadow Mexico City, Mexico 01952-11-07November 7, 1952  
Hair Black Shadow Tony Borne Mexico City, Mexico 01958-10-30October 30, 1958  
Hair Black Shadow Jorge Allende Guatemala 01962-08-10August 10, 1962  
Hair René Guajardo Black Shadow Mexico City, Mexico 01965-04-30April 30, 1965  
Hair Black Shadow Espanto II Monterrey, Nuevo León 01965-11-14November 14, 1965  
Hair Black Shadow Bobby Nichols Mexico City, Mexico 01967-08-04August 4, 1967  
Hair El Ángel Exterminador Black Shadow Mexico City, Mexico 01967-08-25August 25, 1967  
Hairs Black Shadow and Ray Mendoza Los Hippies
(Renato Torres and El Vikingo)
Mexico City, Mexico 01968-04-18April 18, 1968  
Hair Black Shadow Dorrel Dixon Mexico City, Mexico 01968-06-11June 11, 1968  

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